Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue. Risk factors for developing breast cancer include being female, obesitylack of physical exercise, drinking alcoholhormone replacement therapy during menopauseionizing radiationearly age at first menstruationhaving children late or not at all, older age, prior history of breast cancer, and family history. The balance of benefits versus harms of breast cancer screening is controversial.
The stage of cancer indicates the size of the tumor of abnormal cells and whether or not those cells are contained to the place of origin. Stage 0 breast cancer, ductal carcinoma in situ DCIS is a non-invasive cancer where abnormal cells have been found in the lining of the breast milk duct. In Stage 0 breast cancer, the atypical cells have not spread outside of the ducts or lobules into the surrounding breast tissue.
If you have been recently diagnosed, we will review your pathology to confirm you have received the correct diagnosis and staging information, and develop a personalized treatment plan. If you have a recurrence, we will perform comprehensive testing and identify a treatment approach tailored to your needs. Our cancer doctors use a variety of diagnostic tests to evaluate breast cancer and develop the appropriate treatment plan for you.
Breast cancer sleeper cells: Dormant 'sleeper' cells red and active cancer cells green. Nature Communications ]. The researchers, working with colleagues in the U. Our findings suggest the drugs may actually kill some cells and switch others into this sleeper state.
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center discovered that a cell adhesion protein, E-cadherin, allows breast cancer cells to survive as they travel through the body and form new tumors, a process termed metastasis. Their conclusions, obtained through laboratory experiments and in mouse models, help explain how metastasis works in the most common form of breast cancer, invasive ductal carcinoma. E-cadherin appears to limit molecular stresses within the cancer cells and allow them to survive long enough to form new tumors.
Back to Breast cancer in women. You may have one of these treatments, or a combination. The type or combination of treatments you have will depend on how the cancer was diagnosed and the stage it's at.
Breast cancer is treated in several ways. It depends on the kind of breast cancer and how far it has spread. People with breast cancer often get more than one kind of treatment.
Hi, I was told a week ago that I have pre cancerous cells in my right breast and need to have a mastectomy. Right now, I'm wondering if having pre cancerous cells in one part of the body means there may be more elsewhere? I'm struggling to believe that I'll simply have the breast removed and reconstructed and that's that if you know what I mean?
Click to see larger diagrams of the anterior view and cross-section view of the breast. Breast cancer is a disease in which cells in the breast grow out of control. There are different kinds of breast cancer.
Weigh the benefits of each treatment option against the possible risks and side effects. Most women with breast cancer will have some type of surgery to remove the tumor. Depending on the type of breast cancer and how advanced it is, you might need other types of treatment as well, either before or after surgery, or sometimes both.