Jump to content. Yeast is a fungus that normally lives in the vagina in small numbers. A vaginal yeast infection means that too many yeast cells are growing in the vagina.
A vaginal yeast infection vaginal candidiasis is caused by an overgrowth of a fungus that naturally lives in your vagina, called Candida albicans. This overgrowth triggers irritation, inflammation, itching, and painful discharge. Most women experience a yeast infection sometime during their lifetime.
In fact, according to the Centers For Disease Control and Prevention CDCestimates show that around 75 percent of all women will have a vaginal yeast infection at some point in their lives! What causes a vaginal yeast infection? You guessed it: yeast!
Yeast infections usually happen in warm, moist parts of the body, such as the mouthand moist areas of skin. A yeast infection in the vagina is known as vulvovaginal candidiasis. Vaginal yeast infections can cause pain, itching, redness, a thick white vaginal discharge, pain during urination peeingand sometimes whitish patches on the skin of the vaginal area. If your daughter has a vaginal yeast infection, her doctor can prescribe treatment to clear up the symptoms in a couple of days and cure the infection within a week.
Vaginal infections can be annoying in the least. But certain factors can kick them into high gear and make them think they have the run of the place. This typically happens when the vaginal pH or microbiome gets disrupted, or when there is an imbalance in your gut microbiome or your blood sugar is high.
For severe or frequent yeast infectionsyour doctor may prescribe a single-dose oral medication instead. There are many lifestyle changes you can make to help speed the clearing of an infection and prevent a recurrence. These drugs are in the same anti-fungal family and work in similar ways to break down the cell wall of the Candida organism until it dissolves.
The standard course of treatment is an antifungal medication available as creams, ointments, tablets, and suppositories ; some home remedies may help lessen symptoms or prevent an infection from taking hold, but more research needs to be done to definitively support their effectiveness. Always see a doctor to confirm you have a yeast infection and not a sexually transmitted or bacterial infection, which may have similar symptoms. These everyday habits could put your vaginal health at risk.
These include:. Despite the effectiveness of prescription and OTC medication for yeast infections, some people prefer to treat their ailments with natural or home remedies. Though some positive anecdotal reports can be found on the internet, most natural remedies for yeast infections are not yet supported by rigorous clinical studies.